Abrasions are injuries to the uppermost layer of skin known as the epidermis. Children often get them on their knees when playing.
Abrasions happen when the skin comes into direct contact with a rough surface. The surface will scrape, scratch or cut the upper layer of the skin. They are caused by accidents, like falling off a bicycle or taking a misstep. They can be caused by playing sports or with a pet, or from trauma of some kind.
Consult your physician if an abrasion won't stop bleeding or swells. If, after a few days, heat increases around the injury and you notice pus forming, it is infected and it needs to be treated as soon as possible.
To stop the bleeding, the following herbs may be useful:
Shepherds Purse – the fresh herb can be applied to cuts and wounds to stop the bleeding.
Agrimony – this herb will easily stop bleeding from cuts and scrapes when applied to the wound.
Roses – the flower and the bark of the rosebush are astringent and will help stop bleeding.
Greater Plantain – a demulcent, using freshly chewed or blended fresh leaf will relieve pain and bleeding. Dried leaf powder that has been added to water to make a paste and applied externally will work as well.
For anti-infective qualities, the following herbs may be useful:
Yarrow - the leaves can be crushed lightly and applied to a bleeding wound. It is also a disinfectant.
Witch hazel – this herbal preparation is useful for cleaning and disinfecting wounds and abrasions.
For healing qualities, the following herbs may be useful:
Aloe Vera – this soothing, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory herb is useful on wounds of all sorts. Just squeeze the gel out of a leaf onto the cut for cooling, soothing relief. It also speeds healing.
Calendula – this anti-inflammatory herb is antiseptic and promotes new skin growth. It also stops bleeding. Calendula is safe for the tenderest of skin, even for babies and children.
Elder flowers - an ointment of elder flower can be applied to the irritated skin of an injury.
Balm of Gilead – this herb is a good choice for superficial injuries to the skin like abrasions. It is soothing and healing.
Comfrey – this old-fashioned herb has long been used to heal skin. It promotes cell proliferation. The leaves can be pounded or crushed and applied as a soothing poultice to the injury.
Slippery Elm – this cooling mucilaginous herb relieves irritated skin, cuts, scrapes and scratches.
White willow – a decoction of this plant will relieve the pain of the injury and help healing to begin. Just apply the decoction as a wash on the injury.
Speedwell – simply apply this herb as a skin wash or lotion to speed up the healing of abrasions to the skin.
The following oils are useful as antiseptics:
Lavender oil – this antiseptic oil can prevent infection on cuts, scrapes and scratches.
Tea tree oil– apply this oil neat or diluted in a few drops of warm water to clean up the wound.
Clove oil – this oil will not only relieve the pain of the injury, but it will kill any bacteria or fungi that managed to get into the abrasion.
Use these oils in combination or alone