Boldo – (Peumus boldus)   Boldo is an evergreen tree that grows very slowly. It only grows about 6 to 8 meters tall. It produces a small fruit that resembles a berry. The flowers develop as either male or female, and each plant will only produce one sex or the other. The tree grows in the Andean area of Peru and Chile, as well as some parts of Morocco. Italy, Brazil and North Africa Read more


Bogbean – (Menyanthes trifoliata) Bogbean is a marsh plant that grows about eighteen inches high throughout the northern hemisphere. The flowers are pale pink. The fruit of the plant resembles a bean, hence its rather uncomplimentary name. It often grows near sundew and pitcher plants. Blossoming around May to July, they are easy to spot because of their extremely attractive flowers. This plant Read more

Black Currant

Black Currant – (Ribes nigrum)   Black currants are berries that grow on a small shrub that is native to Europe and northern Asia. Also known as cassis, the fruit is high in vitamin C. In fact, during World War II when citrus was in short supply on the home front, residents of Great Britain were encouraged to grow blackcurrants in their garden so they wouldn't miss this important nutrient. Read more


Blackberry – (Rubus fructicosus)   The blackberry bramble grows wild almost everywhere. Once it has a hold it is very difficult to eradicate. They are considered invasive in most places. The berries that are produced are black in color when ripe and are eaten fresh, baked in pies, preserved in jellies and are eaten in all sorts of other recipes. The black berry is related to roses Read more

Black Pepper

Black Pepper – (Piper nigrum)   Black pepper comes from a flowering vine that is native to south India. The same plant is used to also produce white pepper, red/pink pepper and green pepper. When dried, the fruit is known as peppercorn. Pepper is one of the most popular spices in European cuisine. It has also long been used as medicine. Pepper has been used as a spice since prehistoric Read more

Black Mustard

Black Mustard – (Brassica nigra) Black mustard once referred only to the condiment made from the crushed seeds of the senvy plant. Eventually, the entire plant took on the name of the condiment. The mustard plant grows erect to a height of approximately 39 inches (about 1 meter). The stems are hairy and the leaves are lobed. Bright yellow flowers lead the way to the production of hairy pods Read more

Bitter Orange

Bitter Orange – (Citrus vulgaris)   Also known as the Seville orange, bitter orange is a tree with shiny green leaves and white blossoms with a delightful fragrance that are followed by the formation of oranges. Oranges are eaten all over the world and used in many different forms but as with many common household fruit trees, it is not widely known that this has many and varied uses Read more


Birch – (Betula pendula, Betula pubescens, Betula alba)   Birch trees are found all over and they are known for their distinctive papery bark that peels off. The tree is small to medium sized, and they form catkins when they bloom. Today they are mostly planted as ornamental focal points in the landscape. Not many people realize that the leaves and bark are quite widely used in various Read more


Ashwagandha – (Withania somnifera)   Ashwagandha is a two foot tall shrub that has been used as a medicinal herb for 3,000 years. It is related to the tomato and has small yellow flowers that turn to red fruits about the size of a raisin. This plant is native to India, parts of Africa and the Mediterranean. While it is grown commercially, much of the harvest is taken from the wild as Read more


Bilberry – (Vaccinium myrtillus)   The Bilberry is a relative to the familiar blueberry. In fact, they look quite a bit like blueberries. Also known as whortleberries, huckleberries and whinberries, bilberries are eaten wherever they grow. The best way to tell them apart from blueberries is to note how the berries grow. Bilberries grow as single or pairs of berries instead of a cluster Read more